Moscow – hotels, museums, restaurants, cafes, shopping malls, parks, sports, theaters, public institutions.
St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad) – hotels, museums, restaurants, cafes, shopping malls, parks, sport, theaters, historical monuments.
Kazan – hotels, museums, restaurants, cafes, parks, shopping centers, monuments of architecture and religion.
Sochi – hotels, museums, restaurants, cafes, parks, sport.
Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad) – museums, hotels, restaurants, cafes, shopping centers, parks.
Russian Eye and Plastic Surgery Center (Всероссийский Центр глазной и пластической хирургии)
Federal State Scientific Institution “Research Institute of Eye Diseases”, Rossolima Str. 11 “A” (Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение “Научно–исследовательский институт глазных болезней”)
Intersectoral Reseach and Technology Complex “Eye Microsurgery” named after S. Fyodorov (Микрохирургия глаза МНТК им. С. Федорова)
Moscow Helmholtz Research Institute of Eye Diseases (Московский НИИ Глазных болезней им. Г.Гельмгольца)
Research Institute of Rheumatology named after V.A. Nasonova (Научно–исследовательский институт ревматологии имени В. А. Насоновой
Dmitry Rogachev National Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology (Национальный научно-практический центр детской гематологии, онкологии и иммунологии имени Дмитрия Рогачева (ННПЦ ДГОИ им. Дмитрия Рогачева)
Lomonosov Moscow State University (Московский государственный университет им М.В Ломоносова)
Saint Petersburg University (Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет)
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) (Российский университет дружбы народов (РУДН)
Southern Federal University (Южный федеральный университет)
Novosibirsk State Technical University (Новосибирский государственный технический университет)
Perm National Research Polytechnic University (Пермский национальный исследовательский политехнический университет)
Orenburg State University (Оренбургский государственный университет)
Kazan National Research Technical University
named after A. N. Tupolev – KAI (Казанский Национальный исследовательский технический ниверситет им. А.Н. Туполева – КАИ)
Moscow State Technical University named after Bauman (Московский государственный технический университет имени Н.Э. Баумана)
Ufa State Aviation Technical University (Уфимский государственный авиационный технический университет)
Voronezh State University (Воронежский государственный университет)
Vladimir State University (Владимирский государственный университет)
Voronezh State Technical University (Воронежский государственный технический университет)
Tula State University (Тульский государственный университет)
Industrial University of Tyumen (Тюменский индустриальный университет)
Ruble is official currency of the Russian Federation. You can exchange dollars and euros for rubles in banks and cash desks. US dollar exchange rate against ruble is currently about 60 rubles, against euro – about 63 rubles.
Additional important information
Nowadays economic situation in the Russian Federation leads to a change in exchange rate from day to day, sometimes the difference is significant. To avoid cases of fraud it is advised to exchange currency in banks.
Official state language of the Russian Federation is Russian. There are other languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation. According to statistics as of 2010, 5% of Russians speak English, which is considered the most popular foreign language. 1.5% speak German language, 0.5% – French. 0.03% of citizens speak Arabic.
Language families of population. Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians belong to the Slavic language group. Tatars, Kazakhs, Azerbaijanis, many nations of the North Caucasus and Siberia belong to the Turkic language group. There are many other languages, such as Chechen, languages of the peoples of Dagestan, as well as other languages, which are allocated in separate groups.
80% of Russians are Orthodox Christians, 14% Muslims, 2% Judaism, 1.5% – Buddhists.
The best time for travelling
The vast expanses of Russia distinguish by nature of climate zones and geographical landscape. The best time to travel to different regions of Russia depends on the purpose of your trip. If this is the trip for the purpose of tourism, you should know that most of tourist, cultural and entertainment areas, as well as numerous hotels and shopping centers are concentrated in the European part of Russia, and the most favorable time is early May until the end of August. Winter tourism it is better to plan during New Year and Christmas vacation. The best time for medical treatment is the time that does not coincide with the tourist season: not in summer time as well as not during holidays in May and New Year vacations, because many doctors and health professionals are at that period on vacation or may be not available. If you are visiting Russia for education purpose, it is necessary to note that academic year in Russian higher institutions begin early September and ends late June. Preferably to take specialized courses in summer time.
As all big countries, Russia has a developed transport network (771 000 km of roads, 128 000 km of railway length). There are airports in all major cities. The number of civil airports is over 260. There are many seaports in Russia (Novorossiysk, Sochi, Kerch, St. Petersburg, Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Kaliningrad, Dixie, Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, Magadan, Okhotsk, Nakhodka, Makhachkala, Astrakhan). The main transportation in big cities is subway, as well as buses, trams, trolley buses. Widely spread is taxi service, which is often connected through Internet applications such as Opera, Yandex and others. Car rent services are provided easily by many companies. Three main airports are located in Moscow: Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo, Vnukovo.
Geographically Russia is located at the northern part of two continents – Europe and Asia. The capital of Russia –Moscow – is a city of federal importance. Russia’s population is about 146.5 million. 12,3 million reside in Moscow, 5,2 million in Saint-Petersburg, 1,6 million in Novosibirsk. The state form of Russia: federal presidential Republic. Official currency- Russian rouble. The contemporary history of the Russian Federation begins after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Russian Federation shares land borders with many countries: Norway, Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Lithuanian, Belarus, China, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Mongolia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea. It shares maritime borders with the USA and Japan. The name of the country comes from the word “Rus” – a name of the state of East Slavs in the Middle Ages. The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It covers 1/8 of the Earth’s land area and is totally 17,1 million square kilometres.
The population of Russia. 79,8% of the population are ethnically Russians, 3.8% ; 2% ; 1% ; 1% . Many other ethnic nationalities live in Russia.
In Russia there is a huge number of unusual unique natural sites such as Lake Baikal, which is the largest reservoir of fresh water, as well as an unusually large number of small lakes. On the territory of Russia run a large number of rivers. In the vast expanses of Russia, you can see active volcanoes and geysers (in the Far East), the permafrost (in the north). The landscape varies from high mountains to the wide steppes.
Russia has rich and varied heritage in literature, ballet, painting, classical music, architecture, cinema, animation. Russian culture has had a great impact on the world culture. In Russia it was formed a specific science culture.
January 1- New Year’s Day
January 7 – Christmas Day
February 23- Day of the Defender of the Fatherland
March 8- International Women’s Day
May 1- Spring and Labor Holiday
May 9 – Victory Day
June 12 – Day of Russia
November 4 – National Unity Day
Climate and temperature
In winter, the average temperature is -10 -15 °C, in spring +5- +10 °C. The average summer temperature is above +20 °C, in autumn +5- +10°C. Maximum temperature is changing according to the geographical location. In Moscow, the temperature rarely drops to -35 -37 °C. Throughout the year in Moscow, the temperature remains in the range of -25 °C in winter time to +32 °C in summer. As for temperature conditions of the European part of Russia, it differs little from that in Moscow. However, in the southern cities such as Krasnodar and Sochi, the weather is mild in winter. The temperature does not fall below -12 °C.
Rain and snow storms
Heavy rains and precipitations in the European part of Russia and in coastal strip are usual. In the interior of Russia rainfalls are not often.
Forest fires in Siberia, volcanoes in Karelia, earthquakes and volcanoes in Kamchatka, floods in many regions, including in the European part, typhoons in Primorye.